عنوان مقاله [English]
The water shortage and the recent droughts have revealed the necessity of paying attention on increasing the water productivity, more than done in the past. In this regard, using pressurized irrigation systems is recommended as alternatives for surface irrigation systems. So this study, in order to assess the system performance and water productivity in such systems, nine and ten of the existing sprinkler irrigation systems (constant classic and wheel move) were evaluated in Isfahan and Hamedan Provinces, respectively. The Potential and the actual application efficiency of the low quarter, the distribution uniformity and the Christiansen's coefficient of uniformity were determined. The Averages of PELQ, AELQ, CU and DU in Isfahan province were 61.5%, 58%, 66.8% and 75.8%, respectively and those of Hamedan province were 53.9%, 44.8%, 71.1% and 81.1%, respectively. By determining the average of water consumption and the crop yield, the averages of water productivity in Hamadan and Isfahan provinces were found 6.6kg.m-3 and 6.3kg.m-3, respectively. The averages of water consumption in the irrigated potato fields in Hamadan and Isfahan were 6745 m3/ha and 6298 m3/ha, respectively. The results of this study showed that in most of the studied fields, deficit irrigation has been happened. From the results of these assessments, it can be deduced that the main problems in the implementation of these systems are: inaccuracy of design, the mismatch of design criteria with the implementation phase, incorrect performance, insufficient users' knowledge and the lack of accordance between the amount of water used and the crop water requirement.