عنوان مقاله [English]
In this Study, experimental investigation has been done on sediment control methods by using sill and submerged. Here, sediment inclusion into the intake, sedimentation pattern and separation zone in lateral channel were studied in a laboratory environment. After distinguishing the main affecting parameters, dimensional analysis was done and laboratory experiments were planned. Laboratory flume and measurement instruments were prepared and checked. In these tests, the angle of lateral diversion channel with the main channel changed from 45 degree to 60, 75 and 90 degree. Based on laboratory results, and are the main important parameters affecting the separation zone at the entrance of lateral channel and the separation line of flow in front of the intake. With increasing the length and width of separation zone decrease and the width of separation line increases. With increasing the length of separation zone increases, the width of separation zone decreases and due to the change of surface flow pattern under the influence of submerged vanes, the width of surface separation line increases. The dimensions of separation zone in lateral channel in the case of using sill and submerged vane is the same of using sill, while the width of surface separation line is the same of using submerge vanes.