1 گروه مهندسی آب، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا همدان
2 استادیار سازههای آبی، گروه مهندسی آب، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران
3 دانشیار، دانشکده مهندسی و فناوری کشاورزی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Culvert is one of the main structures in drainage systems at crossing with railways and roads. Flood flows, along with the transport of sediments and floating debris, can cause blockages and backwater, thereby reducing flood flow capacity. The main purpose of this study was to physically model and numerically simulate the effects of different percentages of blockages on culvert hydraulic characteristics. Blockage effects investigated in 21 laboratory experiments. Complementary tests were carried out with the use of OpenFOAM numerical tool box. Three blockage scenarios have been numerically simulated with 20, 40 and 60 percent coverage of inlet area. The numerical model was calibrated using the experimental data. The simulation results of OpenFOAM in different culvert inlet blockages indicated that the LES turbulent model is more adaptive than RAS models. The main flow characteristics were compared with the corresponding simulation results from the trademark FLOW-3D model, and showed good agreement for verification purpose. Results for different flows (i.e. 40, 60 and 100 percent of the design discharge) showed that the increasing rate of upstream water level is not identical, and is higher for the lower discharges. Blockage also intensifies turbulence and shear stress levels in the outlet section. For design discharge, the 40 percent blockage resulted in the increase of shear stresses up to 10 times, which cause severe scour in downstream channel.