نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشگاه بوعلی سینا
2 ، گروه علوم و مهندسی آب، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا همدان
3 گروه علوم و مهندسی آب، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا همدان
عنوان مقاله [English]
Spur dikes are structures that constructed for protection of the river walls against the erosion. Spur dikes are generally built perpendicular or at an angle to the river bank or revetment, protruding into the watercourse. The effect of the geometrical characteristics of the hockey spur dikes on formation developing of scour hole has been rarely studied. Spur dikes. The current study aims to evaluate the effect of the length of the hockey spur dike on the formation and development of scour hole and comparing with that effect in L-shaped spur dike. In this direction, all experiments were done in clear water conditions using the spur dikes in length of 8 cm and 12 cm and in a laboratory flume. The results asserted that the dimensions of the scour hole and the length and thickness of the sedimentary hill were increased by raising the length of the spur dike. However, this increment was lower in hockey spur dike than the L-shaped spur dike. The maximum depth, area and the volume of the scour hole were also increased by raising the length of the spur dikes. This increment in-average was equal to 57.5 and 67.7 per cent in L-shaped spur dikes and equal to 33.3 and 42 per cent in hockey spur dikes for two different lengths of spur dikes. Furthermore, no scouring was observed in downstream section of the hockey spur dikes near the wall. Therefore, the dimensions of the scour hole around the hockey spur dike was lower than those in the L-shaped spur dikes.